First Aid Terminology – Part 5

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First Aid Glossary

Rotation: To turn somebody

Scald: A scald is an injury that occurs when the skin comes into contact with a hot liquid or steam

Seizure: Abnormal or uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain which causes a seizure or convulsion

Shock: This is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the body is not getting enough blood flow.

Semi-Conscious: When someone only responds slightly to pain

Soft Tissue: These are the tissues in the body that are not bone

Spinal Cord: This helps the brain to communicate with other parts of the body

Spinal Injury: An injury to the backbone or spine. This can cause paralysis in serious cases

Sprain: An injury to the muscles or ligaments

Stroke: A stroke is a serious and life-threatening medical condition. It occurs when the supply of blood to the brain is cut off. If somebody is having a stroke you must act FAST

Superficial: Something that is superficial is considered not very serious or threatening

Symptom: A feeling that someone experiences. Feeling unwell, or feeling different from how you usually would

Tetanus: A rare but serious condition caused by a certain bacteria getting into a wound. It is often characterised by spasm of muscles

Tendon: A fibrous, strong, connective tissue that connects muscle to bone

Thermometer: An instrument used to measure the temperature of something

Thoracic: Located in the chest area. It is the area in the rib cage containing the lungs

Trauma: A trauma can be considered physical or emotional injury resulting from a terrible accident or event

Unconscious: A state that someone who cannot respond to stimuli or pain is in

Unresponsive: Someone who is unresponsive can also be referred to as unresponsive

Vein: Tubes forming part of the blood circulation system of the body, carrying blood throughout the body

Ventricle: The ventricle is the lower chamber of the heart

Vertebrae/spine: The small bones that form the backbone

Vomit: This is when matter from the stomach is ejected via the mouth

Wound: An injury to living tissues usually characterized as cut or broken skin. Wounds can be open or closed

X-Ray: A digital image of the internal composition of something, especially a part of the body

Get In Touch

Interested in undertaking one of our First Aid Courses in Wirral? Call us today on 0151 343 0588 to learn more. You can also email us at and a member of our team will get back to you as soon as possible. We run regular first aid courses in Wirral and across the surrounding areas.

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Following the public address by the Prime Minister, we have taken the decision to temporarily close our training centre and rearrange all non-critical training both on and off-site for the remainder of March, April and May. Whilst training is suspended, we are still very much open in terms of queries and bookings. Please do not hesitate to contact us as normal via telephone, email, social media or the online chat facility on our website. All bookings for non-critical training will be honoured and our sales team are currently in the process of contacting affected customers with alternative training dates. If you have any critical training needs over the coming weeks do not hesitate to contact us. Please be aware that this training is being reserved for Key Workers and will only take place if absolutely necessary. All of us here at TL Training are hoping to return to business as normal shortly. However, we must continue to follow the Government’s advice and only re-open when it is safe to do so. TL Training hopes that you and your family stay safe over the coming weeks and months and very much look forward to assisting you with any training requirements you have following this extraordinary time.

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